Literature Review

One essential task when undertaking a research study is to review the existing literature on the topic and use it to inform the construction of your own study.  The literature review should be conducted early in the research process, directly after you choose a topic.  A literature review can bring clarity and focus to your research problem and broaden your knowledge base in your research area.  In addition, past studies can improve your methodology and help you to contextualize your findings.  The literature review is crucial because an important responsibility in research is to add to a body of knowledge and to compare your findings with others.  The procedure is simple: search the literature in your area of interest, review the selected studies, and develop a theoretical framework for your own study.

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