Meaning of Research

Research is an academic activity and therefore the term should be used in a technical sense. Research comprises of defining and redefining problems, formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions, collecting, organizing and evaluating data; making deductions and reaching conclusions, and at last carefully testing the conclusions to determine whether they fit the formulating hypothesis. Research is also defined as the manipulation of things, concepts or symbols for the purpose of generalizing to extend, correct or verify knowledge, whether that knowledge aids in construction of theory or in the practice of an art. Research is, thus, an original contribution to the existing stock of knowledge making for its advancement. It is the pursuit of truth with the help of study, observation, comparison and experiment. In short, the search for knowledge through the objective and systematic method of finding solution to a problem is research. It is the systematic approach concerning the generalization and formulation of a theory. Overall, research is enunciating the problem, formulating a hypothesis, collecting facts or data, analyzing the facts and reaching certain conclusions, either in the form of solution(s) towards the concerned problem or in certain generalizations for some theoretical formulation.

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