Works Cited Page in MLA Style

MLA-style formatted research or academic papers should have a ‘Works Cited’ page. This works cited page in MLA style should begin as a separate page at the last part of the paper. The present article on ‘Works Cited Page in MLA Style’ presents useful tips to help you learn the modes by which you can format the works cited page in MLA style.

Some of the most basic formatting features of the Works Cited page are discussed below.

Tips for Formatting Works Cited Page in MLA Style

General rules

  • Keep 2.5 cm margins. Insert the last name and page number in the header as in the rest of the paper.
  • Entitle the section as ‘Works Cited’. The title should be centre aligned on the first line of the page.
  • The title should be typed in a standard font and size. It should not be underlined, put in quotation marks or italics.
  • Ensure to double-space the whole manuscript. Avoid inserting extra lines in-between the entries.
  • Ensure to capitalise every word in the titles of the texts, excluding articles, prepositions and conjunctions.
  • Ensure to list all entries in the alphabetical order.
  • For the titles of autonomously published works, like books or journals, use italics or underlining.
  • For the titles of manuscripts published as part of collections, like poems, articles, etc., use quotation marks.
  • Ensure to use a hanging indent for each new entry.

General Entries in a Works Cited Page in MLA Style

  • Book with a Single Author:

Last Name, First Name. Title of Work. City: Publisher, Year.

  • Book with More than One Author:

First Author’s Last Name, First Name, and Second Author’s First Name Last Name. Title of Work. City: Publisher, Year.

  • Journal Article:

Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Title of Journal. Volume Number.Issue Number (Date): Page numbers.

  • Work in Anthology or Collected Works:

Last Name, First Name. “Title of Chapter.” Title of Work. Ed. First Name Last Name. City: Publisher, Year. Page numbers.

  • Entire Anthology or Collected Works:

Last Name, First Name, ed. Title of Work. City: Publisher, Year.

  • Article with No Author:

“Entry Name.” Title of Work. Edition. Year.

  • On-line Sources:

Author’s name. “Title of Document.” Data about the printed version of the publication. Data about the electronic version of the publication. Last Accessed Date.

  • Text from On-line Academic Journal:

Last Name, First Name. “Article’s Name.” Data about the print version of the publication. Data about the electronic version of the publication. Last Accessed Date and Page URL.

  • Article from On-line Encyclopaedia:

Last Name, First Name. “Article’s Name.” Data about the electronic version of the publication. Last Accessed Date and Page URL.

  • Full Internet Site:

Title of Site. Name of Editor of Site. Electronic Data. Last Accessed Date and Page URL.

  • Complete On-line Book:

Author’s Name. Title of Work. Name of editor, compiler or translator. Electronic Publication Data. Last Accessed Date and Page URL.

The above mentioned formatting styles are the most basic styles used for formatting the Works Cited page in MLA Style. By following these basic tips you can learn and get familiar with the proper and correct formatting style of the ‘Works Cited’ page.

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MLA Style Formatting

In every field of research, there is a need to borrow facts or figures from other scholarly studies. Based on the requirement, the conventions used in various papers may vary. The MLA style follows a set of guidelines set by the Modern Language Association. This style is widely used in the field of humanities, especially in English, philosophy, foreign languages, and religious studies. High school and college writing assignments mostly follow this standardized writing style. Generally, MLA style of formatting is considered to be simpler and more concise compared to other styles.

Basic Guidelines for MLA Style of Formatting

  • The standard 8.5 x 11-inch paper should be always used.
  • Set a margin of 1-inch on all sides of the document.
  • Give an indent of half inch/5 spaces (or you can give a tab) for the first line of each paragraph. Do not give extra space between the paragraphs.
  • The entire text should be double-spaced.
  • Use a clear font, such as Times New Roman and the point size should be 10-12 point.
  • All the pages should be numbered (in some cases, there might be specific instructions not to number the first page). Place the page numbers on the top right-hand corner of the page and align them flush right. Your last name must precede the page number.
  • The title should be centered. Do not give extra space above or below the title of your paper.
  • You need not set a separate title page unless specified.
  • Do not use boldface in an MLA paper unless specified.
  • In case of a quoted sentence, punctuation (a period or comma) should be placed inside the quotation marks.
  • Endnotes, if any, should be set on a separate page just before the ‘Works Cited’ page.

These basic guidelines are provided just to give you an outline idea about the structure of the MLA style of formatting. For further details, you can refer to the MLA Handbook and the MLA Style Manual.

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Formatting Research Paper in APA Style

APA style of formatting is one of the most widely used styles used to format research and thesis papers. In order to format research paper in APA style, one must essentially learn and get acquainted with the basic guidelines of APA formatting and style guide. As such, the fundamental guidelines for formatting research paper in APA style have been provided in details below.

Guidelines for Formatting Research Paper in APA Style

Document Setting

  • Page Margins: 1 inch margins on all sides.
  • Fonts: Preferably, 12 point, Times New Roman or Courier for text and Arial for figures.
  • Spacing: Text to be double-spaced throughout the paper.
  • Text Alignment: Text should be left aligned, with a ragged right margin. Do not hyphenate words.
  • Paragraph Indentation: First line of every paragraph should be indented.
  • Page Numbers: Starting with the title page, each page should be numbered.

Major Sections

While formatting research paper in APA style, the sections should be arranged in proper order: Title page, Abstract, Main Body, References, Appendixes, Tables, Figure Captions, Figures.

However, the major sections include: Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, References.

Running Head

Running head is a short version of the paper’s full title, which is helpful for readers to spot the titles for published articles. Running head’s title should be in CAPITAL letters and within 50 characters (including spaces and punctuation). The running head should be present in each page, with the title “Running head” mentioned only on the title page, and not in the rest of the paper. The title should be left aligned, and page numbers right aligned.

Title Page

Title page should be the first page of manuscript, enlisting the title of the paper, author’s name and institutional affiliation, without mentioning titles (Dr.) or degrees (PhD). APA formatting suggests that the title should be centre aligned and positioned in the upper half of the page. Besides, it should be limited to 12 words in length, without any abbreviations or trivial words, and should not be bolded, underlined, or italicised.

Author note

Author’s note provides the general information about the authors involved in the research. It includes the author’s departmental and institutional affiliation, changes in affiliation (if any), acknowledgments, funding sources, special circumstances and contact information, like postal address or e-mail.

Abstract and Keywords

Abstract should present a very clear and concise summary of the whole research paper. It helps the readers to swiftly assess the main idea and purpose of the research. Abstract should be limited to 150-250 words, with all acronyms and abbreviations defined properly.

A list of selected keywords should be provided in the abstract section, helping researchers to find your work in databases. The title “Keywords” should be italicised, and the sentence should be indented like the rest of the paper.

Section Heading

  • 1st level heading: Centre aligned, bold, and upper and lower case.
  • 2nd level heading: Left aligned, bold, and upper and lower case.
  • 3rd level heading: Indented 0.5” from the left margin, bold, and lower case (first word excluded).

References

References provide the information needed to find any cited source. All in-text citations should be provided in the reference list. Reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order by the author’s last name, or the first word in citation. All names should be cited for less than six authors, while for six or more authors, the first author’s name is followed by “et al.”. In-text citations (direct quotes) should mention author(s)’s name, publication year, and page number(s).

Tables and Figures

Each table should start on a new page. The table title and caption should be left aligned, while only the table caption should be italicised.

Figures captions should be provided separately on a new page. The figure label should be italicised and not the figure caption. Each figure should start on a new page, provided at the end of the paper.

Appendices

Appendices are short contents that complement the research paper, but are not directly related to the text. Usually, appendices are mentioned in the body of the paper. In case of more than one appendix, use a capital letter, like Appendix A, Appendix B, etc., to identify them separately.

Above mentioned guidelines will help you to learn and get familiar with formatting research paper in APA style. However, it would be suggested to seek guidance from your instructor for his final word on the format and style needed to format the assigned paper.

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